Shenzhen has relied on its advantages in traditional infrastructure and equipment, ever- improving upstream research and developmental abilities, and mature downstream consumption markets to create a “closed loop” for its robotics industry chain. Shenzhen’s enterprises are leaders domestically in producing technology in fields such as system integration, controllers, servers, multi-sensor fusion, signal processing, and human-machine interaction. Examples of such technical proficiency include Foxconn’s robot bodies, Rapoo’s system integration, Inovance’s servers, and Googol’s controllers.