SHENZHEN ranked second in terms of ecological innovation in city development, according to a ranking jointly released by the Institute of Philosophy under the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and Social Sciences Academic Press on Tuesday.

Beijing topped the ranking while Shanghai ranked third.

The green paper on the development of China’s ecological cities proposes that building ecological cities should be the goal and direction of China’s urbanization process. It also points out that the negative impacts of vanity projects in the construction of ecological cities will be hard to eliminate in the short term.

Based on data from 2014, the green paper established five dynamic “health indices” including very healthy, healthy, subhealthy, not healthy and very unhealthy to measure 284 cities in a comprehensive way. Zhuhai, Xiamen and Sanya were the top three cities in terms of the comprehensive ranking.

Shenzhen was among the top 10 cities in terms of per capita green area, energy consumption, cyber infrastructure and per capita GDP.

China’s urbanization rate in 2015 was 56.1 percent, signaling that China has entered a period of fast urbanization, although the country was still troubled by the “common ills of urbanization” such as smog, traffic gridlocks and car parking difficulties, the green paper says.

(SD News)